Look around! It is most likely whatever you wear is made out of fabric, so are the things you use for home textiles, like bedsheets, pillowcases, duvet covers, curtains, rugs, etc. This signifies the importance of textiles in our lives. But have you ever mused over the manufacturing of these textiles? How their production affects the environment? Textile manufacturing is the most complex among all manufacturing sectors worldwide because of the massive consumption of resources like fuel, water, and diversified chemicals. All these chemicals pollute the environment to a greater extent, and to save the planet, eco-friendly manufacturing is the need for the century.
What Are The Environmental Effects
of the Textile Industry?
One of the essential materials used in the manufacturing of textiles is fibre. It is either procured from the plants, animals, or crude oil. The technique to obtain fibre is both pollutant-intensive and energy-demanding.
The yarn is then processed, refined, and knitted into the desired fabric. Subsequently, somewhere in the procedure, bleaches and dyes are also used. Finally, the material is turned into your favourite blazer, bedding items, and other home goods.
Here are a few elements that have a significant impact on environmental pollution caused by textile manufacturing.
Several different stages are involved in the life of the fabric, and each step contributes to the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which affects the environment adversely. According to research, over 50% of emissions occur due to finishing and dyeing, fibre production, and yarn preparation. There should be a gradual shift to eco-friendly textile production and usage to nip this ugly tide.
The manufacturing of textiles includes the temporary or permanent withdrawal of water from ground sources. The water is extracted and used to carry out various processes, including farming, washing, dyeing, finishing, and yarn production.
A large amount of water is obtained as the yarn must be washed frequently. Withdrawing water at a faster pace than it can be refilled could result in a severe scarcity of water.
Problems With Natural Fibres
Most of the crop manufacturing includes the excessive use of pesticides. These pesticides bring massive harm to the people causing several infections and allergies. The use of herbicides alongside the chemical defoliants hurt the environment and human health. Also, dyeing and bleaching of fabrics produce harmful substances that flow into our ecosystem.
The vast expansion of the textile industries has caused an explosion in energy consumption. It is one of the essential ingredients in industrial textile manufacturing, but its availability is not infinite. The energy is highly consumed in the machinery modifications and the implementation of technological advancements. And primarily in the process of spinning and weaving. The consumption of energy takes place in the form of:
Electrical energy: The primary consumption of electrical energy is in the production of yarn and cloth. Whereas, hardly 15 to 20% is consumed for the smooth running of wet textile processing.
Thermal energy: Substantial quantities of thermal energy is used in the form of steam for heating.
Pollutants released by the textile industry affect the environment adversely. It contaminates land and makes them barren in the long run. Excess use of pesticides and inorganic fertilizers in the textile manufacturing units release hazardous waste into the nearby ground.
Air pollution caused by smart textiles is also a significant concern. Boilers, diesel generators, and thermo packs emit pollutants in the air. The emission of toxic gases adversely affects the human population in the nearby areas.
What Are Eco-Friendly Textiles?
Eco-friendly fabrics or textiles are defined as fibers produced with minimum use of pesticides and chemicals. When considering your environment’s well-being, eco-friendly materials are the best pick. Eco-friendly fabrics are the finished products of adequate land management, animal practices, and sustainable farming.
Why Should Textile Companies Switch
To Eco-Friendly Textile Production?
The various textile production stages harm the environment due to the constant and frequent emissions of GHG, excessive water consumption, and the release of several toxins into our ecosystem from herbicides and pesticides.
Textile industries in Pakistan should switch to eco-friendly materials and textile production to nip these issues. It is not impossible to determine the admissibility of the chemicals used in the manufacturing process to be environmentally friendly.
The textile companies should minimize the use of fossils for energy generation, guard waste disposal, and make the world glorious. Specific positive measures will prevent the adverse effects of harmful pesticides and herbicides on human health.
The Benefits Of
The production of eco-friendly products contributes to the safety and preservation of the planet’s resources and habitability. The excessive use of eco-friendly products automatically lower prices and benefit all living beings and surroundings.
Here are the benefits of eco-friendly manufacturing:
Sustainable development should always be our topmost priority because humankind has already done a tremendous amount of damage to the planet. Now we are under immense pressure to avoid any more mistakes. Every individual can make a massive difference by opting for eco-friendly products while shopping. Enrich your life with more knowledge and make wise choices.
Reduces The Emission Of Toxins
The rampant use of harmful pesticides and herbicides in the production of textiles adversely affects the environment. It brings about subsoil, water, and air pollution simultaneously. When excessive chemical effluents are used, they penetrate the soil and reach the underground water reserves.
Increased demand for organic clothing will eventually emphasize the development of natural and safe cultivation processes. It will yield an immediate reduction in environmental pollution
Organic Clothing Is Skin Friendly
Have you been suffering from rashes, itching, or redness? It is time to read your garment tag. Unexamined use of pesticides keeps pests away but have negative impacts as well. Several surveys show that inorganic fertilizers and harmful chemicals lead to the manufacturing of inorganic textiles. When these elements come in contact with your skin, it causes skin infections and allergies. With organic clothing, you do not have to worry about these issues.
Extra care is necessary for artificially produced textiles. If you somehow fail to follow the prescribed instruction, then your fabric might lose its shine. Dry cleaning or special care is mandatory for such materials. But the maintenance of organic products is effortless. They are highly durable and never lose their shine and freshness.
Supports Animal Life
Animal welfare should be the top priority for the wellbeing of the planet. Animal skin produces leather or furry fabrics. By switching to organic textiles, you can rest assured that your fashion did not cause any animal’s death.
Production Of Better Quality Textiles
If you value comfort and superior quality over other parameters, then textile goods from organic materials should be your pick. Such products are naturally breathable and soft to the skin. The lack of chemical treatments also increases the overall quality of the product.
Organic fertilizers are relatively cheaper. It means farmers have to spend somewhat less on organic cultivation. It will, in turn, reduce the rate of organic fabrics in the market. This chain reaction will ultimately lower the overall cost of the garment manufacturing process. Thus, clothes will become affordable.